Section 12 of the Canada Evidence Act and the deliberation of simulated juries.

Hans, V. P., & Doob, A. N. (1976). Section 12 of the Canada Evidence Act and the deliberation of simulated juries. Criminal Law Quarterly, 18, 235-253.

Strong impact of defendant’s criminal record on jury verdicts (40% more convictions) but not individuals. Past record had large impact on content of deliberation and increased the salience of negative evidence.

http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1480&context=facpub