Foley, L. A., & Pigott, M. A. (1997b). Race, age and jury decisions in a civil rape trial. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 15, 37-55.
Assessed jury decisions in a civil rape trial. The age and race of the plaintiff was varied through computer-generated photographs. Mock jurors included 87 university students and 103 jury eligible citizens. Ss completed a demographic questionnaire, the Legal Attitudes Questionnaire (V. R. Boehm, 1968), and the Universal Orientation Scale (S. T. Phillips et al, unpublished); viewed a photo of the plaintiff while listening to the case on audiotape; made individual and group assessments of responsibility of the plaintiff and defendant; and awarded monetary damages. Hypotheses that mock jurors would attribute less responsibility and award more damages to the White plaintiff than the Black plaintiff were supported for the university students, but the other Ss reacted in the opposite direction. Forepersons tended to be more educated and confident and were perceived as more influential than other jurors.