Eisenberg, T., Goerdt, J., Ostrom, B., & Rottman, D. (1996). Litigation outcomes in state and federal courts: A statistical portrait. Seattle University Law Review, 19, 433-453.
Plaintiff success rates varied considerably by case type in 14 years of federal district court data. Median awards varied considerably by case type. Striking similarity in plaintiff success rates between federal and state courts across most case types, but median awards 2 x higher in federal courts. No upward trend in plaintiff success rates over 14-year time